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Toe deformities are a deviation from the regular anatomy of the toe, or simply put, toes that aren’t straight. These include bunions, hammer toes, retracted and clawed digits, mallet toes, marionettes and overlapping toes. Factors leading to toe deformities include genetics, poor footwear, improper bio-mechanics and trauma. Each toe deformity is examined on a case by case basis and treatment options could include changing footwear, padding and toe spacers, custom-fitted orthotics, or leaving it alone altogether. Contact us to set up an assessment to determine the cause of your toe deformities, and what options are available to you.
Hammer, claw, and mallet toes
A hammer toe bends down toward the floor at the middle toe joint. This causes the middle toe joint to rise up. It usually affects the second toe. Hammer toes often occur with bunions. Claw toe often affects the four smaller toes at the same time. The toes bend up at the joint where the toes and the foot meet. They bend down at the middle joints and at the joints nearest the tip of the toes. This causes the toes to curl down toward the floor.A mallet toe bends down at the joint closest to the tip of the toe. It often affects the second toe, but it may happen in the other toes too. Treatment options may include: changing your footwear. Choose shoes with roomy toe boxes, low heels, and good arch supports and products that cushion the toe or hold the foot in a more comfortable position, such as padding, toe sleeves or orthotics.
Bunions and Bunionettes
Bunions, medically known as Hallux Abducto Valgus, are a condition characterized by a large bony prominence on the side of the joint of the big toe. Often patients present with pain, swelling, redness in the area, as well as associated lesser toe deformities. One of the most commonly asked questions by patients is “What causes a bunion?” Although there is no straightforward answer, it is usually a combination of genetics, improper footwear, biomechanics, age and injury. Treatment options are focused on the cause of the bunion, which may include changing footwear, orthotics, night splints, pain therapy and in severe cases, surgery. Have your feet assessed to how your bunions can be treated!